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Mental Health

Depression

Depression is a common mental illness which can develop in anybody regardless of gender. Not only does a sufferer of depression feel down, but his daily life is also adversely affected by his depressed mood.

Causes

Unemployment

The loss of a beloved family member or friend.

Stress or illness(es)

Drug abuse or alcoholism

Certain drug treatment(s), such as the use of steroids or anti-hypertensives.

Nevertheless, depression could take place without any apparent causes.

Symptoms

The sufferer displays a number of physiological and psychological symptoms. If you experience five or more of the following symptoms in a consecutive 2-week period, you might be suffering from depression:

Developing a low mood

Loss of interest or enjoyment

Loss of appetite

Insomnia

Agitation and lack of ease

Lack of motivation

Feeling of uselessness

Lack of concentration

Pondering on suicide

Anxiety

We have all felt anxious at certain points in our lives, especially when we are faced with significant events. However, some people experience excessive anxiety or worries which interfere with their daily activities.

Common Signs of Anxiety

Fear:The sufferer experiences sudden and intense fear on many occasions, and exhibits symptoms similar to those of a heart attack. He then avoids revisiting places where he came across these terrible sensations。

Social anxiety:The sufferer avoids all kinds of social activities for fear of being watched and ridiculed or feeling embarrassed.

High frequency of anxiety:The sufferer develops excessive anxiety about day-to-day matters related to work, study, finance, health, and family. Common symptoms include becoming tired easily, trembling, tense muscles, and headache.

Insomnia

Insomnia is a general term which stands for difficulty in falling asleep as well as waking up too early or at intervals that leads to a lack of sleep.

Causes

There is often more than one cause of insomnia. The following are various factors that bring about insomnia:

Psychological Factor: Tension, anxiety, or depression

Lifestyle: Jet lag, smoking, or consuming coffee or other stimulating drinks before sleep

Environment: Noise, lighting, smell, insect stings, uncomfortable bedding, room temperature being too low or too high

Biological Factor: Frequent urination, coughing, pain, or other physical discomfort

If your insomnia is temporary, you may use remedies other than medication. For example:

Follow a regular daily routine, especially going to bed at a regular time.

Not smoking

Exercise regularly, but do not do strenuous exercise before sleep.

Avoid going to bed too hungry or too full, and try not to consume drinks that contain caffeine (such as coffee, coke, and tea) before bed.

Create a comfortable sleeping environment, such as keeping your room quiet, and maintaining a moderate brightness and temperature.

Do something to relax, such as meditation, listen to soothing music, or have a warm bath.

Do not force yourself to sleep if you cannot do so. Get up and try to do little things until you feel sleepy again.

Golden Tips for Emotional Health

Adopt a healthy lifestyle. Avoid having too high expectations of yourself. When you feel low, share your burdens and worries with someone you trust. If you are not used to opening up to someone you know, share your feelings with social workers anonymously via telephone helplines. They will be able to offer their professional counselling service.
if your condition does not improve or symptoms of illness(es) appear, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor will be able to give you the treatment you need according to your condition.